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Tag: churches

A Local’s Guide to Explore Charleston’s Cemeteries

Charleston’s cemeteries are worth seeing year-round, but autumn is one of the best times to visit. Mild temperatures have finally replaced the oppressive summer humidity, and the fall foliage provides the perfect backdrop to the Holy City’s beautiful cemeteries.

The stunning architecture, gorgeous gardens, and rich history of Charleston’s cemeteries attract locals and visitors alike. While there are countless cemeteries in the Holy City that are begging to be explored, we’ve rounded up a few that simply can’t be missed.

Here is your local’s guide to Charleston’s most unforgettable cemeteries:

Charleston's Cemetaries

photo courtesy of instagram user @volkjosh

Magnolia Cemetery

Sprawling with live oaks draped in Spanish moss, Magnolia Cemetery is a place of ancient, Southern beauty. Located north of downtown Charleston, the cemetery is a perfect escape from the hustle and bustle of city life.

Founded in 1849 and opened in 1850, Magnolia Cemetery is the oldest public cemetery in Charleston and is home to many prominent Southern families and politicians, including Thomas Bennett, Langdon Cheves, William Aiken, Jr., and Robert Barnwell Rhett.

The burial grounds are also the final resting place of many Confederate soldiers and five generals, as well as the entire crew of the H.L. Hunley, the famous Civil War submarine that sunk after its attack upon the Union warship known as the U.S.S. Housatonic. If you are one of the many visitors who is fascinated by the Hunley crew, then consider touring the Hunley on the old Charleston Navy Base in North Charleston.

Today, Magnolia Cemetery is one of the best examples of Victorian architecture and features an array of historic monuments on her grounds.

Insider Tip: If you’re visiting Charleston in mid-October, the annual Confederate Ghost Walk at Magnolia Cemetery is a must-see event. This 1.5-hour tour is presented by over 200 actors who will reenact historic scenarios in candlelight. You can get your tickets here.

Coming Street Cemetery

Founded in 1762 by Sephardi Jews, Coming Street Cemetery is the oldest Jewish cemetery in the South and the second oldest Jewish cemetery in the United States. Located downtown in the Cannonborough and Elliottborough neighborhood, the cemetery is owned by the Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim (KKBE) Congregation and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The Coming Street Cemetery is the final resting place of many famous Jewish Charlestonians, including Dr. Columbus DaVega, who designed and built a floating infirmary ship during the Civil War, and Moses D. Cohen, Beth Elohim’s first religious leader. You’ll also find the tombstones of those who fought in the American Revolution, the War of 1812, the Seminole Wars, and the Civil War.

Insider Tip: Don’t think that you can stop by the cemetery at any time. The Coming Street cemetery can be toured by appointment only, so be sure to call them before you drop by.

From the outside, anyone can admire the beautiful wrought-iron fence that surrounds the cemetery. However, nothing beats being able to look closely at the lovely tombstones that reflect the rich history of Charleston’s Jewish community.

St. Philip’s West Cemetery

One of the most photographed churches in Charleston, St. Philip’s Church is a magnificent sight to see with its white stucco brick and Roman porticoes, but their historic cemetery located just across the street is not to be missed.

Located on Church Street in the French Quarter, the St. Philip’s West Cemetery is surrounded by some of the oldest and most detailed wrought-iron railings in the city. Step inside, and you will see many beautiful and famous tombstones, including those of John C. Calhoun, Charles Pinckney, and Rawlins Lowndes.

Volunteers of St. Philip’s Church will gladly tell you all about the fascinating history of the church and of the notable figures buried at the West Cemetery. One thing they won’t tell you about? The haunting tale of Sue Howard.

Gaston Hardy and his pregnant wife, Sue Howard, were parishioners at St. Philip’s Church in 1888. Sue Howard gave birth to a stillborn and tragically died from labor complications days later.

But it’s the eerie photograph that was snapped on the 99th anniversary of Sue Howard’s death that has made the graveyard one of the most haunted places in Charleston. Take a ghost tour and tour guides will show you the photo, which is believed to show a ghostly figure crying over the grave of her stillborn.

Insider Tip: Despite the spooky tale of Sue Howard, the cemetery is otherwise peaceful and quiet. If you want to explore both the church and the cemetery, be sure to go on a weekend (the church is closed during the weekdays).

Charleston's Cemeteries

photo courtesy of instagram user @sarahwebb96

Circular Congregation Church Cemetery

Located on Meeting Street, the Circular Church graveyard is the oldest burial ground in Charleston and contains over five hundred gravestones, some of which date back to as early as 1695. For those who are deeply interested in gravestone art, this cemetery is a must-see on your visit to Charleston.

The oldest gravestones are made from slate stones which were carved and shipped from New England. Many upper-class families in Charleston enjoyed having their portraits painted, and gravestone portraits would become a trend in the Holy City during the 18th century.

In addition to graveyard portraits, the Circular Church Cemetery is full of colonial-era tombstones that feature carvings of unique symbols based on biblical passages. Although some parts of the cemetery were destroyed by a British cannonball in 1780, the church has managed to restore much of the area and preserve one of Charleston’s most unique graveyards.

Insider Tip: If you wish to read the epithets and admire the artwork at the Circular Church Cemetery, plan to spend at least an hour here. Afterward, you can walk a few blocks over to Pearlz Oyster Bar for some delicious fried oysters or sautéed sea scallops.

Charleston's Cemeteries

photo courtesy of instagram user @charleston_daily

Unitarian Church Cemetery

Located on Archdale Street, the Unitarian Church Cemetery is a unique area to visit. At first glance, the overgrown plants and wildflowers can be mistaken for a neglected churchyard. However, the sidewalks are clear and the untamed nature is intentional.

This deliberate overgrowth creates a wild beauty that lures visitors in and makes them feel as though they’ve been transported back in time. Of course, the Unitarian Church cemetery is also said to be haunted, and this natural growth lends itself well to the ghost stories that tour companies like to tell.

In fact, many believe that the Unitarian Church Cemetery is the subject of Edgar Allen Poe’s poem, “Annabelle Lee,” which told the tale of a woman who would meet her lover in the Unitarian Church Cemetery each night. This cemetery is another popular stop on many ghost walking tours and worth a visit, whether you are there for the ghost stories or for its beautiful and historic headstones.

Insider Tip: Don’t be fooled by the ghostly tales of the cemetery. During the day, the old trees and Spanish moss make the graveyard a place of timeless beauty that makes it perfect for an afternoon stroll.

Also, keep your eyes out for a stucco-brick memorial dedicated to the slaves who helped build the Unitarian Church. Built in 2013, the memorial uses some of the original brick from the church to honor the enslaved.

African-American Cemeteries

There is no shortage of historic cemeteries marking the final resting place of Charleston’s prominent white families. But what about African-Americans?

Finding the burial grounds of African-American slaves has proven difficult. Only a handful of 18th and 19th-century maps and slats show slave cemeteries in South Carolina. One of the most well-studied slave cemeteries was discovered just outside of Charleston when a motel was being constructed.

Making things increasingly difficult is the fact that many slaves were often buried without grave markers in slave cemeteries. Even after Emancipation, many former slaves continued to bury their family members in these cemeteries.

Dating back to 1790, Drayton Hall has one of the oldest African-American cemeteries in the nation that is still in use. It is called “A Sacred Place” and open to public visitation.

After the Civil War, African-Americans began constructing their own cemeteries. Graveyards were segregated for many years, and it was not uncommon for city officials to build on top of burial grounds.

Today, black burial grounds are still at risk, but many organizations have been established to help protect and preserve this treasured part of Charleston’s history. One successful attempt to preserve an African-American cemetery is the restoration of a cemetery on Sullivan’s Island. The island has a rich African-American history that was in danger of being lost, but members of the community worked hard to protect the graveyard and establish boundaries around the site.

Charleston's Cemeteries

photo courtesy of instagram user @and_her_name_was

Charleston Gravestone Art

Charleston is home to many beautifully carved tombstones and monuments, some of which are massive and imposing, and others that are small yet historically significant.

Charleston’s gravestone art gives us a unique glimpse into her past, from early times as a young colony to the Revolutionary War and beyond. From the intricately carved symbols and portraits to the epithets written on tombstones, there is much that we can learn about the cultural, religious, artistic, and social backgrounds of those who lie beneath these stones.

You don’t need to be an artist or history buff to enjoy Charleston’s gravestone art. However, it does help to have some context before you explore the city’s most iconic cemeteries.

18th Century Gravestone Art

The 18th century was the peak of Charleston’s tombstone making. Prior to then, most tombstones were made of field stones or wooden slabs, most of which have crumbled and decayed.

These early tombstones provide key insight into those who founded Charleston. Made from slate or sandstone, many of the monuments from this time bore symbols of the crossbones, skulls, hourglasses, and epithets in Latin which emphasized the brevity of life.

Wealthier Charlestonian families purchased tombstones from New England carvers to distinguish themselves from the middle-class. Some even purchased tombstones from England and had them imported to the States.

19th Century Gravestone Art

By the 18th century, tombstone messages changed to reflect the attitudes of Charlestonians during the Great Awakening. Rather than focus on the certainty of death, tombstone motifs began using angels with wings to emphasize the salvation of Christ.

The darker slate stone was replaced by lighter-colored marble markers, and softer symbols such as rosebuds, willows, and urns would be commonplace. Skeletal heads also began taking on fleshier facial features, particularly the eyes, nose, and lips.

This is around the time when portraitures became a popular trend in Charleston, where natural representations of the deceased were carved on tombstones. To see a few stunning portraitures, be sure to stop by the Circular Church Cemetery.

20th Century Gravestone Art

During the 20th century, granite was replacing marble, and gravestones were much less elaborate. By the mid-20th century, most graves were being mass-produced and individual stone monuments were no longer created. Bronze markers that were embedded in the ground became a common practice.

Charleston's Cemeteries

photo courtesy of instagram user @tommystefanek

Recommendations for Further Reading

Interested in learning more about Charleston’s graveyard art? You won’t find a better source of information than David Mould and Missy Loewe’s Historic Gravestone Art of Charleston, South Carolina.

The book covers all of Charleston’s most iconic churches and delves into the symbols and motifs in detail. It is a must-read if you plan to explore the many historic cemeteries around Charleston.

Final Thoughts

No visit to Charleston is complete without exploring some of her hauntingly beautiful cemeteries. With their beautifully carved tombstones, rich history, and Southern Gothic ambiance, Charleston’s cemeteries have attracted historians, authors, nature enthusiasts, and more from across the world to experience their ancient charm for themselves.


An Insider’s Guide to Exploring Downtown Charleston’s Historic Churches

Downtown Charleston’s Historic Churches

If there is one thing that Charleston, South Carolina offers in spades, it’s their beautiful and historic churches.  Commonly referred to as the “Holy City”, Charleston features some of the oldest churches in the United States, attracting millions of tourists each year who wish to see the gorgeous steeples that dominate its skyline.

The beautiful architecture of these churches is just one of many reasons why people choose to visit and reside in Historic Charleston.  The rich stories behind them is equally as captivating, and each of these historic churches has a unique story to tell.  

If you plan on visiting or relocating to the Holy City, the stately churches are a must-see.  With this insider’s guide, you can explore Charleston’s most significant churches and learn about the history that has shaped the city’s culture to this day.

Downtown Charleston’s Historic Churches

photo credit: instagram user @lilliedorothea

Why Charleston is Known as the Holy City

Charleston was dubbed the “Holy City” not because it was particularly devout.  Rather, the moniker stems from the city’s reputation for practicing religious tolerance—a rarity among the original 13 colonies.  

The history of religious freedom traces back to when Charleston was first settled and efforts to craft a constitution began.

Founding and Settlement of Charleston

In 1663, King Charles II gave the Carolina Territory to eight loyalists, who were known as the Lords Proprietors of Carolina.  After a few failed attempts at settling the area, the Lords finally managed to settle Charles Town (later to become Charleston) at Albemarle Point in 1670.

Anthony Ashley Cooper, First Earl of Shaftesbury, was one of the eight original Lords and a pronounced liberal.  Cooper was deeply interested in the plans for the new colony and collaborated with his friend and secretary, John Locke, to create the Fundamental Carolina Constitution.  

In this constitution, residents of the Carolinas were granted considerable religious freedoms that would come to attract many who wanted to practice their faith in peace.  By the mid-18th century, Charleston had become a bustling seaport which attracted many migrants of diverse backgrounds and religions.  

This religious diversity led to the creation of many stunning churches that are admired today for their magnificent architecture and distinct accents, as well as their rich history.

Exploring Charleston’s Historic Churches

Many of the historic churches that are scattered throughout Downtown Charleston have survived earthquakes, fires, hurricanes, and more.  Despite these hardships, the buildings have remained well-preserved and the fascinating architectural designs can still be admired.  From Romanesque pillars to Gothic-inspired styles, each church offers distinctive accents that make them unique.

As you explore Charleston’s historic churches, you will also get the chance to experience the charming neighborhoods located in the Historic District.  This guide will walk you through some of the must-see churches that reflect Charleston’s diverse roots and unique culture.

Downtown Charleston’s Historic Churches, Unitarian Church

photo credit: instagram user @styledbybecca

Unitarian Church in Charleston

Stroll along Archdale street and you will find the Unitarian Church, the second oldest church on the city peninsula and the oldest Unitarian church in the South.  It was made a National Historic Landmark in 1973 so that others could enjoy its Gothic style beauty for years to come.

A Brief History

Construction of the church first began in 1772 when members of the Circular Congregational Church needed additional space to worship.  Construction was halted in 1776, when the Revolutionary War broke out, and the church was used to quarter America militia and later British militia when they occupied the city.  

Completed in 1787, the church was later modernized in 1852 by Charleston architect Francis D. Lee, who designed the building in  a style that is now referred to as English Perpendicular Gothic Revival.  The Charleston Earthquake of 1886 managed to shear off the top of the Unitarian Church, requiring further remodeling by Boston architect Thomas Silloway.

Insider Tips

Take in the beautiful painted glass windows and look high above to notice the stunning tray ceiling.  Don’t forget to visit the church grounds, which is famous for its wild foliage and quiet sanctuary.

Downtown Charleston’s Historic Churches, St. Michaels

photo credit: instargram user @johnmackgreen

St. Michael’s Episcopal

St. Michael’s is the oldest surviving church building in Charleston.  Located at the corner of Broad and Meeting street, it is one of the few city churches in the U.S. that has remained relatively unchanged from its original design.

A Brief History

Built between 1751 and 1761, St. Michael’s Episcopal is located at the site of the original St. Philip’s Episcopal, which moved to Church street to accommodate its growing congregation.  

The original architect is unknown, but others have noted that the style is similar to that of English architect, Sir Christopher Wren.  With its 186-foot high steeple and grand two-story portico, the church is a majestic sight to see.

The inside of St. Michael’s is equally as captivating, with a beautiful Victorian-style altar and chancel rail of wrought-iron.  Although the inside has modern touches, much of the church remains original, including the Ainsworth-Thwaites clock, which may be the oldest functioning colonial clock in America.  The cedar wood pews are also original, and President George Washington himself sat in pew No.43 when he worshipped there in 1791.

Insider Tips

Near the base of the pulpit, you can see a scar from the Bombardment of Charleston in 1865, in which Union forces targeted St. Michael’s with guns and shells because it harbored Confederate troops.

Also be sure to check out St. Michael’s Churchyard, which is the resting place for notable figures that include two signers of the Constitution and a supreme court justice.

Downtown Charleston’s Historic Churches, Huguenot Church

photo credit: instagram user @tara_kaminski

French Huguenot Church

Located in the beautiful French Quarter neighborhood, the French Huguenot Church is another prime example of religious tolerance in the Holy City.  Built in 1845, it became a refuge for French Protestants looking to escape religious persecution by the French Catholic Court.

A Brief History

To escape cruel treatment under King Louis XIV, French Huguenots fled to America to settle in the colonies.  The English didn’t mind this at all, due to the fact that many of the French refugees brought valuable skills which helped the colonies flourish.

By the late 17th century, the first French Huguenot Church was established on what is now the corner of Church street and Queen street.  This church was destroyed to stop the spread of a fire and was later rebuilt in 1800.  

In 1844, the church was rebuilt to give it the Gothic Revival style architecture that was popular at the time.  Although the Bombardment of Charleston and an earthquake damaged the building, it retains much of its original structure.

Insider Tips

Designed by notable architect, Edward Brickell White, the buttresses and pointed arch windows are indicative of the Gothic Revival style, which was the first of its kind in Charleston.  When you look inside, ask about the history of the tracker organ, which was purchased in 1845.

Downtown Charleston’s Historic Churches, St Philips Church

photo credit: instagram user @coastalgal_221

St. Philip’s Church

Also located in the French Quartet neighborhood is St. Philip’s Church, the first Anglican church established south of Virginia and one of the tallest buildings in Charleston.  The congregation first formed in 1681, making it the oldest congregation in South Carolina.

A Brief History

St. Philip’s was originally built in 1681 at the corner of Meeting street and Broad street (now the present site of St. Michael’s), but a hurricane damaged the fragile wood building.  Starting in 1710, the church was rebuilt a few blocks away on Church street, and construction was completed in 1723.  

In 1835, a fire burned St. Philip’s to the ground, resulting in the third and present church structure.  Designed by architect Joseph Hyde, the church has unique features in both the interior and exterior, such as the three Tuscan porticoes and the beautiful Corinthian arcades inside the church.

Insider Tips

Tour hours are given by volunteers and may vary, so it’s best to call ahead if you would like a tour of St. Philip’s Church.  

The graveyard across the street from the church contains many notable people, including statesman John C. Calhoun and famous author Dubose Heyward.  It’s also a good location to take a photo of St. Philip’s church so that you can capture its impressive steeple.

Downtown Charleston’s Historic Churches, Circular Congregational Church

photo credit: instagram user @142church

Circular Congregational Church

Built in 1681, the Circular Congregational Church was the first independent church of Charles Towne and has a long history of standing for political and religious freedom.  Considering the hardships that the church has weathered in its past, it has certainly earned its place as a National Historic Landmark.

A Brief History

The Circular Church was founded by Protestant “dissenters” with the original settlement of Charles Towne.  These dissenters established a White Meeting House in 1732, which would later be called the Meeting House.  The street leading up to it was named Meeting street in its honor.

It was considered an unusual church in the colonial period and a place to express revolutionary ideas and thoughts.  Unfortunately, this love of freedom landed some members in exile when the British occupied Charleston in 1780.  

Members regrouped after the British evacuated and by 1787, they needed to build a second space to accommodate their growing number.  The church decided to replace the Meeting street house and hired architect Robert Mills, who designed a Greek-inspired building that could hold 2,000 worshippers.

In what is referred to as the “glory days” (1820-1860), the Circular Church had many black and white members.  After a fire destroyed much of the church, some black members decided to break off and form the Plymouth Congregational Church.

The new meeting house was built in 1890, designed with a Romanesque style that encapsulated the fiercely independent and nonconforming nature of its members.

Insider Tips

With its unique circular vestibule and round dome, the Circular Church has many distinct architectural accents that can be admired from outside and within.  Pay a visit the burial grounds, which are the oldest in Charleston and contain 18th century gravestones that offer a look into the history of the first settlers and their struggle.  

Downtown Charleston’s Historic Churches, Mother Emanuel AME Church

photo credit: instagram user @tracimagnus

Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church

Built in 1891, the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church is the oldest AME church in the South and the oldest African American congregation outside of Baltimore.  The church is located on Calhoun Street and is not only admired for its Gothic Revival style architecture, but also for its history of persisting in the face of discrimination.

A Brief History

The first congregation formed when free blacks and slaves came together in 1791.  In 1816, a dispute over burial grounds caused black members to officially withdraw from Charleston’s Methodist Episcopal church.  They decided to form their own congregation and start the Emanuel African Methodist Church, which consisted of 1400 members under the leader of Morris Brown.

Due to laws that prohibited blacks from operating a church without white supervision, Brown and other church leaders were arrested.  In 1821, Denmark Vesey, one of the church’s original founders, began to plan a slave rebellion.  The slave revolt plot was uncovered by authorities before it could be carried out, and the main organizers (including Vesey) were executed.

The Vesey controversy created animosity throughout the South, and the church was burned to the ground by angry whites.  AME members were forced to meet underground until they could rebuild the church after the Civil War.

Insider Tips

Pay special attention to the altar, pews, light fixtures, and communion railing—all of which are original features of the AME Church and have not been altered since its creation.  Gaze up at the towering steeple that was constructed under Rev. L. Ruffin Nichols after a deadly earthquake in 1886.

Downtown Charleston’s Historic Churches, Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim

photo credit: instagram user @robinshuler

Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim

Located in Charleston’s Downtown neighborhood on Hassel street is the Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim (KKBE).  It is the fourth oldest Jewish congregation in the country and the oldest synagogue in continuous use.

A Brief History

Charleston’s reputation for religious tolerance in the late 17th century had attracted many Jewish congregants to the area and by 1749, their numbers had grown enough to create their own congregation, Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim, (Holy Congregation House of God).  

In 1792, an elegant, Georgian style synagogue was constructed, but the great Charleston fire destroyed it in 1838.  The synagogue was rebuilt in 1840 on Hasell street in a Greek Revival style and is still in use today.

Insider Tips

The KKBE offers walk-in tours led by their knowledgeable docents, who will show you the historic Sanctuary and share their story.  The Coming Street Cemetery (located a few blocks away from KKBE) is the oldest surviving Jewish cemetery in the South and is worth touring as well.

Downtown Charleston’s Historic Churches, Cathedral of St. John the Baptist

photo credit: instagram user @mattsholr

Cathedral of St. John the Baptist

Located in Downtown Charleston on Broad Street, the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is a magnificent, Connecticut tool-chiseled brownstone structure that can’t be missed.  This historic church is also home to the Roman Catholic Diocese in Charleston.

A Brief History

In 1821, shortly after taking up his duties as first Bishop of Charleston, Bishop John England decided to purchase land on the corner of Broad street and Friend street (now Legare).  The Bishop made plans to build a great cathedral, but did not live to see it completed in 1854.

The first cathedral, built by Brooklyn-based architect Patrick Keely, was a Gothic Revival style structure that could seat 1,200 people.  Unfortunately, the Charleston Fire of 1861 destroyed the church, and it wasn’t until 1907 when the doors officially opened once again.  The new church was nearly identical to Keely’s design, only slightly bigger.  

Insider Tips

The vaulted stain-glass windows will amaze you.  Look up at the 14-lancet arched Gothic windows that portray the life of Christ and take in the elegant pews carved from Flemish oak.  Although plans for a 100-ft spire were never carried out, the steeple is still prominent amongst Charleston’s skyline and makes for a great photo opportunity.

Charleston offers many opportunities to explore our nation’s history and the rich story of tolerance and freedom in this country. The stately churches of Charleston reflect a tapestry of traditions and faiths that weave together to tell the story of this unforgettable southern town.